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Things that Break One’s Fast (QAZA & KAFFARAH)

Things That Break One’s FAST

Things that break one’s fast are of two kinds. Some make only Qaza necessary, whilst others make both Qaza and Kaffaarah compulsory.

* QAZA: To keep one fast in place of the one that breaks, or is broken intentionally.
* KAFFARAH:To keep one fast after another for sixty days continuously.

However, if a person is unable to keep these 60 Rozas, for some valid reason, e.g. continuous sickness, then one has the option of choosing from one of the following four:

  1. Feed sixty poor people to their fill for two meals, or
  2. Feed one poor person two meals a day, for sixty days; or
  3. Give 60 poor persons 3 1/2 lbs (approx. 1.6kg) of wheat or its value in cash or food grains; or
  4. Give to one poor person not less than 3 1/2 lbs. of wheat, rice or food grains, etc. to its value of cash for sixty days.

Things That Break One’s Fast But Make Only Qaza Wajib:

1. Anything put by force into the mouth of fasting person.
2. Water goes down the throat whilst gargling, conscious of one’s fasting.
3. To Vomit mouthful intentionally or to return vomit down the throat.
4. Swallowing intentionally a pebble, piece of paper or any item that is not used as food or medicine.
5. Swallowing something edible, equal to or bigger than a grain of gram which was stuck between the teeth. However if it is first taken out of the mouth and swallowed it will break the fast whether it is smaller or bigger than that size of a gram.
6. Putting oil into the ear.
7. Inhaling snuff into the nostrils.
8. Swallowing the blood from the gums if the color of the blood is more that the fast is broken, to eat and drink again.
9. To eat and drink forgetting that one is fasting and thereafter thinking that the fast is broken, to eat and drink again.
10. To eat and drink after Subha Sadiq or to break the fast before sunset due to a cloudy sky or a faulty watch, etc., and then realizing one’s fault.

N.B: Any fast other than a Ramadan one, whether broken intentionally or with a good and valid reason, makes only Qaza Wajib. There is no Kaffarah for breaking any fast besides that of Ramadan.

Things That Make Both Qaza & Kaffarah Wajib

1. Eating, drinking or breaking the fast in any other manner, e.g., smoking etc., without a valid reason, will make both Qaza and Kaffarah necessary.
2. Applying Surma into eye or rubbing oil on the head and then, thinking that the fast is broken, to eat and drink intentionally.
3. To drink any kind of medicine intentionally.

(Note: Injection is permitted with condition ask Scholars for more details.)

Things That Do Not Break The Fast

1. To eat or drink something unintentionally
2. A mosquito, fly or any other object going down the throat unintentionally.
3. Water entering the ears.
4. Dust or dirt going down the throat.
5. Swallowing one’s own saliva.
6. Taking an injection.
7. Applying of Surma (kohl) into the eyes.
8. Taking a bath to keep cool.
9. Rubbing oil onto the body or hair.
10. To vomit unintentionally.
11. Applying itr or perfume. It is not permitted to inhale to smoke of Lobaan or Agar Batti whilst fasting. It is also not permitted to smoke cigarettes or inhale its smoke.
12. Brushing the teeth without tooth paste or powder. e.g., using a Miswaak, etc.
13. A dream which makes Ghusl Waajib (necessary) does not break the Rozah.

People Exempted From Fasting in RAMADAN

1. Sick people when their health is likely to be badly affected by fasting. They should make up the loss, a day for a day, when they recover after Ramadan.
2. A musafir, (one who is undertaking a journey of more than 77 kms and does not intend staying more than 14 days at his destination). However, it is better for him to fast in Ramadan than keep Qaza later, provided the journey is not a tiresome one.
3. If it is feared that hunger or thirst will lead to death, it is permitted to break one’s fast.
4. It is Wajib to keep Qaza of a Nafl fast that was broken before completing it.

Fidya for Fast (Compensation):

* A mosquito, fly or any other object going down the throat unintentionally
* A very old person who does not have the strength to fast or a very sickly or diseased person who has no hope of recovering after Ramadan, should given Fidya for each fast missed in Ramadan.
* The Fidya for a fast is similar to that of a missed Fardh or Wajib Salaat, i.e:
i) To give 3 1/2 lbs = approx. 1.6 kg of wheat OR .. 7 lbs = approx. 3.2kg of barley
ii) OR… the equivalent of the above in cash.

If, however an old or sick person gains strength or recovers after Ramadan, he must keep the missed number of fasts and whatever was given as Fidya will be a reward for him from Allah Ta’ala.

No one is allowed to fast for another (sick or fit) person.

N.B: Children should be encouraged to fast, but should not be forced to complete the fast up to sunset if they are unable to bear the hunger or thirst.

The Virtues of Fasting

From Bahishti Zewar

1. Rasulullah said: “The sleep of a fasting person is regarded as an act of ibaadah, his remaining silent is regarded as a tasbeeh, the reward for his good deeds is multiplied, his duas are accepted, and his sins are forgiven.”

2. It is mentioned in a Hadith that fasting is a shield and a strong fortress in order to save oneself from hell. In other words, just as a person seeks refuge in a strong fortress or by means of a shield from an enemy, in the same way, one gets salvation from hell by fasting. By fasting, a person’s power of committing sins gets weak, and his power to do good gets stronger. When a person fasts in the proper manner and implements all the etiquette of fasting, he will free himself of sins and gain salvation from hell.

3. It is mentioned in a Hadith that fasting is a shield as long as it is not destroyed by lies and backbiting. In other words, fasting works as a shield as explained above. But this is on the condition that the person abstains from sinning. If a person fasts and still speaks lies, backbites, and commits other sins, then although he will be absolved of the fard of fasting, he will be committing a major sin. Furthermore, he will be deprived of the barakah of fasting.

4. It is mentioned in a Hadith that fasting is a shield. The person who awakens in the morning in a state of fasting should not commit any act of ignorance. If a person approaches him in an ignorant way, he should not reply him in the same ignorant manner nor should he address him disrespectfully. Instead, he should inform him that he is fasting. By him in whose control is the life of Muhammad , the smell that emanates from the mouth of a fasting person is more beloved in the sight of Allah Ta’ala than the fragrance of musk. In other words, on the day of judgement, the smell that emanates from the mouth of a fasting person will be replaced with a fragrance even better than musk. This fragrance will emanate from the mouth of the fasting person and it will be most beloved in the sight of Allah Ta’ala. This foul smell that emanates from a fasting person in this world will actually be a source of attaining that fragrance in the hereafter.

5. It is mentioned in a Hadith that at the time of opening the fast, the person is permitted to make a dua whose acceptance is promised.

6. It is mentioned in a Hadith that Rasulullah addressed two persons saying: “You should fast because fasting is a shield in order to save oneself from hell and in order to save oneself from the difficulties of time.” In other words, one will be saved from hell and also from the difficulties and calamities of this world.

7. It is mentioned in a Hadith that on the day of judgement, three persons will not have to give an account of the food that they ate, immaterial of what they ate as long as it is halal. They are: the fasting person, the person who makes sehri, and the person who is stationed on the borders of the Islamic state safeguarding it from being invaded by the kuffaar. This is a great concession for these three persons that they have been absolved from giving an account of their eating. It should be borne in mind that despite this concession, one should not spend a lot of money and time in preparing very exquisite meals. Spending a lot of time in preparing delicacies turns one away from the remembrance of Allah Ta’ala and gives impetus to one’s power of committing sins. This should always be borne in mind. One should value the bounties that Allah Ta’ala has blessed one with. The best way of showing gratitude to Allah Ta’ala is that one should obey all His commands and orders.

8. It is mentioned in a Hadith that the person who feeds a fasting person at the time of opening fast will receive the same reward as that of the fasting person without there being any decrease in the reward of the fasting person. In other words, through the mercy and generosity of Allah Ta’ala, both of them will receive the same reward. This will apply even if the person feeds him with a very simple or insignificant meal. Even if he merely gives him some water to drink.

9. It is mentioned in a Hadith that Allah Ta’ala multiplies the rewards of His pious servants by ten times up to 700 times except for the reward of fasting. In other words, there is no limit for the reward of fasting. As regards fasting, Allah Ta’ala says: “It is for Me alone and I will give the reward for it.” From this we can gauge how great the reward of fasting is that there is no limit to the rewards. In addition to this, Allah Ta’ala will give the reward for fasting Himself and will not delegate this task to the angels. Glory be to Allah Ta’ala for attaching such importance to this little effort on our part. However, it should be borne in mind that all these virtues and benefits of fasting will only come into effect when we fulfil this duty as it ought to be fulfilled, and only when we abstain from speaking lies, backbiting, and all other sins. In the month of Ramadaan, some people leave out their Salats completely while others miss out the fajr Salat. In doing so, they are depriving themselves of the numerous blessings and rewards of fasting. Furthermore, by reading this Hadith, one should not have this misconception that fasting is more virtuous than Salat because Salat is the most virtuous of all the different acts of ibaadah. The meaning of this Hadith is that there is a very great reward for fasting and it does not mean that fasting is the most virtuous act of ibaadah. The above-mentioned Hadith continues that there are two times of extreme happiness for the fasting person. The first time of happiness is when he opens his fast and the second time is on the day of judgement. That is, when he meets Allah Ta’ala, as mentioned in other Ahaadith.

10. It is mentioned in a Hadith that on the first night of Ramadaan the doors of heaven are opened. These doors remain open right till the end of Ramadaan. There is no Muslim who offers Salat in any of the nights of this month except that he receives 2500 rewards for every rakaat that he offers. In addition to this, Allah Ta’ala will construct a palace of rubies. This palace will have sixty doors. Each of these doors will have a golden chamber which will be decorated with rubies.

When the person keeps the first fast of Ramadaan, all the minor sins that he had committed during the past year since the first fast of the last Ramadaan will be forgiven. In addition to this, 70 000 angels will make dua for his forgiveness daily from morning till sunset. For every rakaat of Salat that he offers in Ramadaan, whether it be during the day or at night, he will be rewarded with a tree in paradise. The shade of this tree will be such that a traveller will be able to travel beneath it for a journey of 500 years.

How great is the virtue of fasting! O Muslims! Never allow yourself to miss any fast. In fact, if you have the strength, then keep nafl fasts as well. Show total love for Allah Ta’ala who is so merciful that He is rewarding us so abundantly in exchange for a little effort on our part. At least make Allah Ta’ala your beloved for your own benefit in that you will receive the abundant benefits of jannah.

11. It is mentioned in a Hadith that jannah is decorated from the beginning of the year till the end of the year especially for Ramadaan. In addition to this, the large-eyed Hoors of jannah decorate and beautify themselves from the beginning of the year till the end of the year especially for the fasting persons. When Ramadaan commences, jannah says to Allah Ta’ala: “O Allah! Enter your pious servants into me in this month.” As for the large-eyed Hoors, they say: “O Allah! Appoint husbands for us from among your pious servants.”

The person who did not slander anyone in this month and did not consume any intoxicants shall have all his sins wiped out. As for the one who slanders someone or consumes any intoxicant, all his good deeds for the past year will be wiped out. In other words, he will be committing a major sin. It should be borne in mind that just as rewards are multiplied in a holy month, punishment is also increased if a sin is committed in a holy month. One should ponder over the warning in this Hadith.

Fear the month of Ramadaan because it is the month of Allah Ta’ala. In this month, Allah Ta’ala has ordered His servants to emulate His practice by abstaining from food and drink. Since Allah Ta’ala is pure from food and drink all the time, this month of Ramadaan has been specially attached to Him. As for the other months, they all belong to Him as well. Allah Ta’ala has given you eleven months in which you can eat, drink, and indulge in other halal pleasures. He has set aside just one month for Himself in which He has ordered you to abstain from food, drink, and other halal pleasures. Therefore, fear the month of Ramadaan, for most certainly, it belongs to Allah Ta’ala.

Obey Allah Ta’ala in this month and abstain from sins. Although obedience to Allah Ta’ala is necessary all the time, it’s importance is stressed in particular places such as Makkah al-Mukarramah and Madinah al-Munawwarah; and at particular times such as in the month of Ramadaan. Special attention should be paid to abstaining from sins at such places and at such times because just as rewards are multiplied at these times and places, so too is punishment.

12. It is mentioned in a Hadith that when food is presented to you at the time of iftaar, then prior to opening your fast you should recite the following dua:

Translation: “In the name of Allah. All praise is due to Allah. O Allah! I have fasted for Your pleasure, it is with Your sustenance that I am opening my fast, and I have placed complete trust in You. Glory be to You and praise be to You. Accept this fast from me for most surely You are All-Hearing, All-Knowing.”

13. It is mentioned in a Hadith that when you open your fast, it is preferable to open it with dry dates because there is a lot of blessing in this. If you do not have dates, open your fast with water because water is a great purifier. In certain Ahadith it is also mentioned that the fast should be opened with milk.

14. It is mentioned in a Hadith that the person who keeps fast for 40 days solely for the pleasure of Allah Ta’ala shall have whatever dua he makes to Allah Ta’ala accepted. In other words, this person will become so beloved in the sight of Allah Ta’ala that whatever dua he makes will be accepted by Allah Ta’ala if He feels that it will be to the benefit of that person. The respected sufis, may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them, have laid down a system of cutting off all relations with this world for forty days and engaging in the ibaadah of Allah Ta’ala in a musjid. In addition to this, the person must fast for these forty days while he is in the musjid. By doing this, the person will benefit tremendously and will also develop the strength to do good deeds. Through the barakah of this, he will receive special knowledge from Allah Ta’ala and he will also be blessed with a deep understanding of things.

15. It is mentioned in a Hadith that the person who fasts on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays of every sacred month, he will receive the reward of making ibaadah for 700 years. There are four months which are sacred. They are: Rajab, Zul Qa’dah, the first ten days of Zul Hijjah, and Muharram. However, it should be borne in mind that it is haram to fast on the 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th of Zul Hijjah.

16. It is mentioned in a Hadith that the person who keeps three fasts in the sacred months, on Thursday, Friday and Saturday, he will receive the reward of making ibaadah for two years. That is, on the Day of Judgement it will be written in his book of deeds that he had made ibaadah for two years in return for these three days of fasting.

Ramadan: Month of Patience and Sympathy

Salman, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports, “On the last day of Shaban Rasulullah addressed us and said, ‘O people there comes over you now a great month, a most blessed month in which lies a night more greater in virtue than a thousand months. It is a month in which Allah has made Fasting compulsory by day. And has made sunnah the Taraweeh by night. Whosoever intends drawing near to Allah by performing any virtuous deed, for such person shall be the reward like the one who had performed a fardh in any other time. And whoever performs a fardh, shall be blessed with the reward of seventy faraa-idh in any other time.

This is indeed the month of patience, and the reward for true patience is Jannah ( paradise. It is the month of sympathy with one’s fellowmen. It is the month wherein a true believer’s rizq is increased. Whosoever feeds another who fasted, in order to break the fast at sunset, for the feeder there shall be forgiveness of sins and emancipation from the fire of Jahannam (hell}, and for such feeder shall be the same reward as the one who Fasted (who he fed) without that persons reward being decreased in the least.”

Thereupon we said, “O messenger of Allah, not all of us possess the means whereby we can give a fasting person to break his fast.” Rasulullah replied, “Allah grants the same reward to the one who gives a fasting person to break the fast a mere date, or a drink of water, or a sip of milk.”

“This is a month, the first of which brings Allah’s mercy, the middle of which brings His forgiveness and the last of which brings emancipation from the fire of Jahan-nam.”

“Whosoever lessens the burden of his servants (bonds-men) in this month, Allah will forgive him and free him from the fire of Jahannam.”

“And in this month four things you should continue to perform in great number, two of which shall be to please your Lord, while the other two shall be those without which you cannot do. Those which shall be to please your Lord, are that you should in great quantity bear witness that there is no deity to worship except Allah (i.e. recite the Kalimah Tayyibah Laa llaaha illallaah) and make much Istighfaar beg Allah’s forgiveness with Astagirfirul-laah).” And as for those without which you cannot do, you should beg of Allah, entrance into paradise and ask refuge in Him from Jahannam.”

“And whoever gave a person who fasted water to drink, Allah shall grant that giver to drink from My fountain, such a drink where after that person shall never again feel thirsty until he enters Jannah.”

Source: Faza’il-e-A’maal

Zakat (Poor – Due)

Zakat Calculator Link :

Q 1: What are the conditions of Zakat’s being compulsory?

A. There are some conditions of Zakat’s being compulsory i.e. (1). To be Muslim. Zakat is not compulsory on unbelievers. (2). Mature. Zakat is not compulsory on immature. (3). Sane. Zakat is not compulsory on a mad,insane if he remains in this condition for whole year. However, in case of occasional recovery, Zakat is obligatory. (4). Free. Zakat is not compulsory on a slave even though his master has permitted him to do business. (5). One-must be owner of “Nisaab” (a certain amount of money, commodities, stock on which Zakat is due). Zakat is not due on the income, commodities less than Nisaab). (6). One must be full owner i.e. in possession of Zakatable income,commodities. (7). Nisaab must be free from “Dain” (debt,liability). (8). Nisaab must be free from “Haajat-e-Asleeyah” (necessary expenses). (9). Goods, commodities must be “Naamee” i.e. which increases practically or otherwise and (10). Completion of full one year on Nisaab.

Q 2: What is meant by Nisaab’s being free of “Daien”?

A. It means that one is the owner of Nisaab but is in debt and if he pays off the debt he is no more solvent or he is guardian of any debtor and if clears the debt he is no more solvent (as the creditor can demand of him to defray). In such situations, there is no Zakat due on him.

Q 3: What does “Haajat-e-Asleeyah” mean?

A. “Haajat-e-Asleeyah” means those things which are essential for life. For example, a house for one’s or family use, cloths for summer and winter seasons, other family necessaries, domestic animals or animals for riding, implements of skilled workers, necessary books of students or of the learned, eatable items stored for one’s or family use and money for necessary expenses. There is no Zakat due on all such things,items.

Q 4: What is meant by “Naamee” assets?

A. There are two kinds of assets i.e. gold,silver which have intrinsic power to purchase things and those assets which are shorn of such potentials but are used to buy things. All assets other than gold and silver are “Naamee” as they will increase by business i.e. productive assets.

Zakat is quite compulsory on gold and silver if equal to Nisaab irrespective of personal use or business and even on buried gold and silver. And on other assets Zakat will be due only when dealt in. So is the case with the animals – camels, cows, buffaloes, oxen, goats, sheeps, rams etc. which are left to graze in the grazing fields. The injunction of gold and silver is also applicable to the currency to this effect.


Q 5: Which year is meant by completion of full one year on Nisaab?

A. Completion of full one year on Nisaab means the lunar year i.e. on whichever date and time of Arabic (lunar) month one becomes solvent the very date and time of the Arabic month (next year) is Zakat year for him regardless of the beginning of financial or income year. Zakat will be due on the Nisaab one is in possession of at the outset and end of the Zakat year. Any decrease in Nisaab during the year will not relieve him of the obligation i.e. Zakat will remain due.

Q 6: Will Zakat be due on merchandise which is exchanged for other thing during the year?

A. Exchange of merchandise or gold or silver for the same kind like jewellery or for the other kind during the Zakat year will not remit Zakat but it will remain due.

Q 7: How should a solvent person calculate Zakat if his goods,commodities increase during the year?

A. If a solvent person gets some more goods, commodities of the same kind during the Zakat year of his Nisaab even a minute before the end of the year he will have to pay Zakat on the whole. There will be no separate year for the new goods,commodities.

Q 8: Is intention must for Zakat like that of prayer?

A. Yes, it is must for one to form “Niyat” (intention) at the time of paying Zakat or reserving cash, commodities for Zakat. Forming Niyat means one could tell pat, if asked, that this cash or these commodities are of Zakat.If one gave cash or commodities in charity off and on round the year and now he intends that whatever charity he has given during the year is Zakat, his such Niyat will not be credible and Zakat will not be deemed to have been paid.It must be kept in mind that “Ikhlaas” (sincerity of intention) is as much conditional as is the intention for paying Zakat. Without “Ikhlaas”, payment of Zakat will be meaningless. “Ikhlaas” means what one pays as Zakat must be with the sole and pure intention of Zakat, fulfillment of obligatory act and carrying out the command of Allah Almighty sans any other intention which is repugnant to the payment of Zakat.

Q 9: Will Zakat be deemed to have been paid or not if cash,commodities set aside for Zakat are lost?

A. One is not relieved of the obligation by setting aside cash,commodities for Zakat unless he gives it to the beggar,indigent. Loss of such cash,commodities will not withhold the obligation. But in case of death the heirs of the deceased will inherit these things.

Q10. Should Zakat be given openly or secretly?

A. It is commendable to give Zakat openly but doling out “Nafil Sadaqah” (charity) secretly is commendable act. Distribution of Zakat openly is preferred because the secret distribution may cause misgiving(s) against the recipient and people might slander him. A Hadees stresses the believers to shun the places where people are slandered. Besides, open doling out of Zakat may also motivate others to fulfill the obligation. But the payer of Zakat must guard against show which will eliminate the reward. Pomp and show is sinful act that may render him culpable for chastisement.

Q11. Is it must to inform the indigent,poor that the cash, commodities being given to him are Zakat?

A. It is not must that the indigent,poor is told that the cash,commodities being given to him are Zakat. Mere intention is sufficient. Even if one gives cash, commodities to the poor as gift or loan and his real intention is to pay Zakat, Zakat will be deemed to have been paid. Likewise, giving ash as “Nazar”, “Hadyah” (present) or for chewing “Paan” (betel leaf) or for sweets of children or as “Eidee” (Eid gift) to the poor will relieve one of the obligation of Zakat. Some indigent, poor people who really deserve Zakat do not want to get Zakat money,commodities. If they are given anything mentioning the name of Zakat they will not receive it. Therefore, their self-respect should not be hurt by disclosing the name of Zakat.

Q12. Is it lawful or not to pay Zakat in advance?

A. A solvent person can pay Zakat in advance even of some years. It is better for one to keep paying Zakat in parts (instalments) throughout the year and on the close of the Zakat year calculate it to know as to how much payment has been paid. If over-paid, deduct from the payment of next year and in case of underpayment, pay the residual amount of money, commodities immediately in whole not in parts as delay in paying Zakat is not fair, permissible.

Q13: What is wrong with paying Zakat in parts after the end of the year?

A. It is unfair,impermissible to pay Zakat in parts after the close of Zakat year. It must be paid immediately in whole, for, procrastination is sinful and the one who procrastinates is “Mardoodush Shahaadah” (the one whose evidence is not acceptable). Delay in payment of Zakat involves many misfortunes and mishaps. For instance, if one dies before paying the due Zakat he will be sinner and will have to face chastisement in the hereafter. Likewise, one may fall victim to any financial or physical accident. Besides, “Nafs” (self) can not be relied upon! One is intent to pay Zakat today but may go back on it tomorrow under the deception of Satan. Those who keep the Zakat money,commodities with themselves (after the close of Zakat year) with the intention of giving it to the poor,beggar who come begging off and on or want to pay bit by bit finding it difficult to pay in whole at a time, should pay Zakat in advance. By this they will not only achieve their objective but will also save themselves from the clutches of Shari’ah. If they want more reward of Zakat then they should pay it in the holy month of Ramadaan in which the reward of “Nafil” (supererogatory, optional act) is raised to the level of “Fard”(obligatory act) and Fard’s reward is increased seventy-fold.


Valentine’s Day Makes no Sense for Muslims

Muhammadullah Qasmi

Deoband, INDIA

This is the tragedy of our time that our youths are bent on accepting every glitter of the modern era as fashion and symbol of progress. There are many things that, at first sight, seem odd, strange and indecent, but with the gust of advertisements, media coverage and competitions of commercial institutions it is made in to a popular fact. In recent years, a new phenomenon has spread among the youths – males and females alike – to celebrate Valentine’s Day, a holiday dedicated to lovers. This celebration was rarely known by any Indian youth some decades ago, though it might have been celebrated in western world.

St Valentine’s Day is celebrated on 14th February by sending greeting cards or gifts to express love to one’s beloved. The cards are generally designed with hearts to symbolize love. Now, the craze of celebrating St Valentine’s Day is increasing year by year in Asian countries, especially developing nations like India. As the Valentine’s Day approaches nearer florists pile up love cards, gifts and bounties of flowers, the general stores sell Valentine chocolates, cakes and other gifts. The barbers cut hearts into men’s head hair, restaurants promote Valentine’s Day dinners. Newspapers publish romantic and flirting messages. The satellite channels are not lagging behind even an inch; they present special features and organize love-letter competitions. Internet dating services enjoy a rise in surfing and telecommunication companies record high surge in outgoing and incoming calls.

This phenomenon is spreading many unholy things and in our society as well the mind of younger generation. Of course, love is a natural feeling and valuable asset of human life, but not the love that spoils their life and involves many other wrong aspects.

Baseless Historical Background

There is a lot of debate and disagreement among scholars about the origin of Valentine’s Day. However, this is certain that this is celebrated in the memory of some Valentine. Also, this is another historical fact that there have been more than one Valentines who were martyred in early centuries of Christianity.

But, as far as the matter of its origin is concerned it goes back to ancient Rome before the Romans embraced Christianity. In ancient Rome, there was celebrated a holiday on February 14th in the honour of Juno Fructifier, Queen of the Roman gods and goddesses. The other day on February 15, they celebrated the feast of Lupercalis which was originally a festival of shepherds, and was primarily for the purpose to secure fertility for the fields, the flocks, and the shepherds themselves. There were many myths associated with this festival and many dirty rituals were performed.

When Christianity spread in Rome, the celebration of the pagan festivals persisted among them. The Christian Romans continued to celebrate these festivals, until came Pope Gelasius I who abolished Lupercalis and declared in 496 that the feast of St. Valentine would be on February 14. Thus, the ancient Roman Lupercalis festival was replaced by a new Valentine’s Day.

Who was this Valentine; there is no specific information about him. There was more than one person in Rome with similar name who existed during the early years of the church, two or three of whom were martyred. It was said that there were two of them, or that there was only one, who died in Rome as the result of the persecution of the Gothic leader Claudius.

But, why was he killed, this question also remains deprived of a clear-cut answer. It is also said that Saint Valentine advocated love and peace, therefore he was martyred. It is also said that the Roman emperor Claudius II sentenced St Valentine to be executed because of his opposition of government order that prohibited soldiers to marry. It is also perceived that Valentine fell in love with the jailer’s daughter. The emperor offered him to pardon and make him one of his closest confidantes if he forsook Christianity, which Valentine refused and preferred martyrdom. He was executed on 14 February 270 CE, on the eve of February 15, the festival of Lupercalis.

Thus, the pagan Roman festival of Lupercalis was transformed into Valentine’s Day and was called the Feast of Lovers, and Saint Valentine was considered to be the patron saint of lovers.

Irrelevance of Valentine’s Day

However, whatever the reality may be, but one thing seems clear that none of the narrations appears to have much to do with love or romance that we see is observed on Valentine’s Day. If the Christians celebrate this day in the memory of their martyr, then it is something that looks sound, but what the Muslims and other people of faith have to do with this? Not only it is nonsense for Muslims and others, but also for Christians as well, because today’s Valentine’s Day has no relation to the sacrifice for truth that was offered by St Valentine, as they claim.

And, if it is historically true that Valentine was killed in punishment of having love affairs with a girl, then the entire story takes a U turn and instead of being ‘a cause of pride’ becomes ‘a matter of shame’. Being a saint he commits such kind of act. And, more shameful is the act of those who celebrate this day in his remembrance.

The Valentine’s Day celebration is entirely based on groundless historical myths. How surprising it is that if an unmeaning and baseless ritual is celebrated by other people of faith it is taunted as ‘mythology’ and ‘orthodoxy’, but if it is practiced by the western world it becomes a symbol of progress and intellectualism!

In the society we live, every thing is based on commercial foundations. Why only education, even the human parts and human dignity is a saleable commodity. The culture of celebrating ‘Days’ is actually the invention of the Capitalism, which primarily aims at devouring the common man’s wealth and amassing it up. The commercial companies give push to ‘Celebrations’ and ‘Days’ in order to boost their products. They do not miss even a single opportunity to take out money from the pockets of people. Schemes are announced, concessions are declared and the public is seduced to achieve it in order to be in pace with the world and to be called progressive, whether they are not able to afford it.

The Muslims’ history is full of such personalities who bravely sacrificed their lives in order to guard their mission and religion. But, Islam is a natural and simple religion, it did not like to burden the people with the loads of continual festivals and celebrations as it slows down their march to spirituality and affect the common man financially.

We Indians, especially Muslims, instead of imitating the West should be proud of our own culture and social order where the foundation of love, affection and relationship is far deeper and stronger than in the West. Why to fall in inferiority complex, be proud of your own invaluable asset that is quite perfect and matchless!

Four Aa’maal for Rain

There are four Aa’maal (deeds) which we can all perform to attract the mercy of Allah. Insha-Allah, through these acts He will send down beneficial rain.

1. SADAQAH: Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam has stated, “Sadaqah extinguishes the anger of Allah.” A few rands a day will not hurt our pockets in the least. Make it a habit of giving something daily to some needy person. Start with our family first, then our neighbours and then others.

2. SHUKR: Thank Allah Ta’ala from our hearts for giving us water all this while, despite us our constant disobedience. Say, “Alhamdulillah!” The more shukr we make, the more Allah will increase His favours on us.

3. DON’T WASTE WATER: This is gross ingratitude for the great favour and bounty of Allah. Allah Ta’ala dislikes wastage. Wastage is a cause of deprivation.

4. ABUNDANT ISTIGHFAAR: This is a guaranteed solution to our water problem. In Surah Nooh, Allah mentions the lament of Nabi Nooh Alayhi Salaam in the following words, “O Allah, I told them, ‘Make Istighfaar (Seek forgiveness) from Your Rabb, indeed He is Most forgiving. He will send down the skies (rain) upon you in torrents. He will assist you with wealth and children and will make for you gardens and rivers.’”

There is a direct link between Istighfaar and rain. So brothers and sisters, increase our Istighfaar. Say Astagh-firullah, when we are driving, cooking, walking, before and after Salaah and as much as we can. Endeavour to read Astagh-firullah at least 100 times daily. Get our family and friends to do the same. The more people that make Istighfaar, the quicker will Allah Ta’ala send down His mercy, Insha Allah. And most importantly make our Istighfaar, a true Istighfaar by sincerely repenting from sins and turning to Allah in obedience.


Source: Jamiatul Ulama (KZN)

Takbeerat of Tashreeq & Sunnah on day of Eid

1. Recite the the Takbeerat of Tashreeq aloud 1 time after every salah beginning at Fajr on Wednesday (9 Zhul Hijjah) until Asr on Sunday (13 Zhul Hijjah).

2. The Day of Arafah (9 Zhul Hijjah) is Wednesday, September 23. The Messenger of Allah (s) said: “Fast the Day of Arafah, for indeed I anticipate that Allah will forgive (the sins) of the year after it, and the year before it.” (Tirmizhi, 749)

3. The Night of Eid is very valuable in the eyes of Allah, as the Prophet (s) says, “Whoever spends the nights of the two ‘Eid in praying voluntary prayers, seeking reward from Allah, his heart will not die on the Day when hearts will die.” (Ibn Majah, 1854)

4. The most important action on Eid al-Adha day is Qurbani (Ud’hiya). Allah’s Messenger (s) says, “The son of Adam does not do any deed on the Day of Sacrifice that is dearer to Allah than performing qurbani (ud’hiya). It will come on the Day of Resurrection with its horns and cloven hoofs and hair. Its blood is accepted by Allah before it reaches the ground. So be content when you do it.” (Ibn Majah, 3246)

5. The following acts are sunnah on the day of Eid al-Adha: 

1. To wake up early in the morning.

2. To clean one’s teeth with a miswak or brush

3. To take bath.

4. To put on one’s best available clothes.

5. To use perfume.

6. Not to eat before the Eid prayer.

7. To recite the Takbir of Tashriq in a loud voice while going to the Eid prayer.

6. It is preferable not to cut the nails or hair (on any part of the body) in the first Ten Days of Zhul Hijjah, if one intends to perform Qurbani (Ud’hiya).

Watch Live from Holy Makkah

Live Streaming from Khana Ka’aba Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Special Hajj 2017 Live Stream from Makkah brought to you by Ministery of Culture and Information of Saudi Arabia. بث حي للصلاة من المسجد الحرام في مكة برعاية وزارة الثقافة والاعلام

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Definitions Of The Terms Used In Connection With Hajj

Afaqi: Afaqi is the person who lives outside Miqat boundaries such as Indian, Pakistani, Egyptian, Syrian, Iraqi, Iranian and so on.

Ash-hur-E-Hajj: The months of Hajj i.e. complete months of Shawwal, Zi-Qa’da and half of the month of Zilhijja.

Ayyam-e-Tashriq: The days from 9th to 13th Zilhijja wherein Takbir-e-Tashriq is regularly proclaimed.

Bab-us-Salam: With this name there is a gate of Masjid-ul-Haram in Mecca. The first entrance to the Sacred Mosque is preferable through this gate. Another gate with the same name is in Madina. This is the gate of Masjid- e-Nabawi opening on the side of market.

Batn-e-‘Urana: This is a jungle near ‘Arafat wherein the observance of Waqof is not Lawful, for it is out of ‘Arafat boundaries.

Bab-e-Jibril: Through this gate Hazrat Jibril, the angel, used to visit the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him). This is the gate through which we go to Jannat-ul-Baqi’.

Dam: During Ihram, perpetration of certain prohibited acts causes the obligation of offering sacrifice of a goat etc. It is called Dam.

Ghar-e-Hira: It is the cave where the first revelation was sent down to the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him). It is situated in Jabal-e-nor which is on the roadway to Mina. Its top is visible from far off.

Ghar-e-Thaur: In this cave the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) stayed for three days at the time of his migration (Hijrat) from Makkah.

Hajar-e-Aswad: The black stone. It is a stone from Paradise. It was white like milk when it came from the Paradise but the sins of the human beings rendered it black. It is fixed in the wall at about a man’s height in the southeastern corner of Baitullah. It has a silver frame around it.

Hudaibia: It is the name of a place before the precincts of Haram on the way from Jedda to Mecca. Nowadays, it is known by the name of Sumaisiya. A mosque is situated on this very spot. Here, the Holy Prophet entered into a treaty with the infidels and it is the place where the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) took an oath of allegiance, Bai’at-ur-Ridhwan by name from his noble companions. It is the starting point of the precincts of Haram.

Hatim: It is a piece of land surrounded by a wall of man’s height adjacent to Baitullah on the north side. It is called Hatim as well as Ahjar or Hazira. While observing Tawaf it is Wajib (obligatory) to include this piece of land. It is a part of Ka’ba. In Pre-Islamic period when Quraish of Mecca started reconstruction of Ka’ba, they abandoned construction of this portion due to deficiency in Halal (lawfully acquired) funds.

Haram: Mecca and a small area around it is called the Land of Haram. Its boundaries have been distinctly marked. Hunting, cutting trees and grazing animals in Haram (unlawful) in this area.

Harami or Ahl-e-Haram: The person who lives in the land of Haram; whether in Mecca or outside Mecca within the precincts of Haram.

Hill: The land beyond the four sides of Haram upto Miqat (i.e. outside the Haram boundaries but inside the Mawaqit) is called Hill, for the things prohibited (Haram) in Haram are permissible (Halal) here.

Hilli: The inhabitant of the land of Hill.

Halq: To get the hair of your head shaven or to shave them yourself. It releases you from the restrictions of Ihram.

Ihram: Means to declare a thing as Haram (Forbidden). When a Hajj Pilgrim determines his intention for Hajj, Umra or both collectively and proclaims Talbia, certain Halal (Permissible) things stand for him as Haram; hence it is called Ihram. This word is used figuratively for those sheets of cloth as well which are used by Hajj pilgrims in the state of Ihram.

Istilam: To Kiss as well as to touch Hajare-Aswad with hands or only to touch it or to touch Rukn-e-Yamani.

Idhtiba: To put the upper cover of Ihram on the left shoulder by way of taking the cover through the right armpit.

Ifrad: To observe Hajj practices with the Ihram of Hajj only.

Jamarat or Jimar: There are three places in Mina where pillars of the height of man have been erected. Here, pebbles are thrown. One of them which is towards the East near Masjid-e-Khaif is called Jamrat-ul’Ola. The next one to it is named as Jamrat-ul-Wusta and the one subsequent to it is known as Jamrat-ul-Kubra. The last one is also called as, Jamrat-ul-‘Aqaba or Jamrat-ul-‘Ukhra.

Juhfa: It is a place near Rabigh at a distance of three Manzils (encampment distances) from Mecca. This is the Miqat for those coming from Syria.

Jannat-ul-Ma’la: It is the graveyard of Makkah where Umm-ul-Mu’minin (The Mother of the faithful) Hazrat Khadijat-ul-Kubra and the dear son of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) and some of his faithful companions have been interred. The grave of Hazrat Haji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki is also situated here.

Jannat-ul-Baqi’: It is the Graveyard of Madina where the uncle the uncle of the Holy Prophet, (Peace be upon him) Hazrat Abbas, Hazrat Imam Hasan, Hazrat Uthman and thousands of other noble companions of the Holy Prophet have been interred. In addition to that, among those buried here are also the son of the Holy Prophet, Hazrat Ibrahim, Hazrat Fatima, Hazrat Halima Sa’dia and all other Ummahat-ul-Mu’minin (the Mothers of the faithful) with the exception of Hazrat Maimona as the place of her burial is Sarif.

Jabal-e-Thabir: It is a hill in Mina.

Jabal-e-Rahmat: It is a hill in ‘Arafat.

Jabal-e-Quzah: It is a hill in Muzdalifa.

Jabal-e-‘Uhud: It is a hill outside Madina at a distance of nearly three miles where the battle of ‘Uhud was fought. Here are the graves of the martyrs.

Jabal-e-Abu Qubays. It is the name of a hill in Mecca near Safa. Here is a mosque called Masjid-e-Bilal. Some of the biographers have stated that the miracle of Shaqq-ul-Qamar (splitting of the moon in two halves) was revealed here.

Ka’ba the Sacred: The Ka’ba, which is also known as Baitullah, is a sacred house in the center of Masjid-e- Haram in Mecca. It is the first place of worship in the world. It was originally constructed by angels under the order of Allah the most high even before the birth of Hazrat Adam. Subsequently on its demolition Hazrat Adam reconstructed it. Thereafter it was reconstructed by the Holy Prophet Hazrat Ibrahim, then by Quraish, then by Hazrat Abdullah ibn Zubair (Radhi-Allahu ‘anhu) and then by Abdul Malik. Even in the later ages, certain repairs continued to be carried out. It is the Qibla of Muslims. All the Muslims in the world turn their faces towards it while offering their prayers.

Muhrim: One who wears Ihram.

Mufrid: One who were Ibrahim for Hajj only.

Miqat: The place where Ihram wearing is Wjib for those who go to Mecca.

Miqati: The inhabitant of Miqat.

Mataf: The place around Baitullah in Masjid-e-Haram to perform Tawaf.

Maqam-e-Ibrahim: It is a stone from Paradise. Standing on it, the Holy Prophet Hazrat Ibrahim had constructed

Baitullah: Nowadays, it is included in Mataf.

Masjid-e-Haram: The Mosque around Ka’ba.

Multazam: The wall between Hajar-e-Aswad and the gate of Baitullah. It is Masnon (prescribed as Sunnah of our Prophet) to invoke blessings of Allah while embracing this wall.

Mina: It is a vast open field between two hills at a distance of 3 miles from Mecca towards the East. Rami and Sacrifice are accomplished here. It is included in Haram. A stay of three days is observed here.

Masjid-e-Khaif: It is the name of big Mosque in Mina situated adjacent to the hill on the northern side of Mina.

Masjid-e-Namra: A Mosque on one side of ‘Arafat.

Mad’a: The Place of invocation. It means the place, which is situated between Masjid-e-Haram and the graveyard of Mecca and where invoking Allah’s blessing is Mustahab (preferred) at the time of entering Mecca.

Muzdalifa: It is open field between Mina and ‘Arafat at a distance of about three miles from Mina in the East. On having returned from ‘Arafat, the Hajj Pilgrims stay here at night.

Muhassir: It is an open field adjacent to Muzdalifa. The Divine punishment had descended upon the people of Elephant (Ashab-ul-Fil) here, who had invaded Baitullah. That is why the pilgrims cross it running.

Marwa: It is a small bill near the northeastern corner of Baitullah. The Sa’i ends here.

Masjid-ul-Raya: This Mosque is on the way to Jannat-ul-Ma’la. On the day of the Conquest of Mecca, the Holy Prophet had erected this flag here.

Masjid-e-Quba: It is a Mosque three miles before the boundaries of Medina. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) himself participated in its construction. It is the first Mosque of Muslims in the vicinity of Madina. Offering two Raka’at of Nafl (supererogatory) prayer, here is equivalent to one Umra in reward and it is Mustahab to visit this Mosque on a Saturday.

Masjid-e-Khandaq: There are some Mosques constructed on the place where, at the time of the battle of Ahzab, the ditch was dug. One of the Mosques is called Masjid-e-Ahzab and Masjid-e-Fath. Here, the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) prayed to Allah and Allah granted the prayer ; the Muslims were victorious. Around this mosque there are several other mosques attributed to the names of the Companions of the Holy Prophet.

Masjid-e-Qiblatain: It is mosque on the hillock near the valley of Aqiq in the North West of Medina. It has two arches, one towards Bait-ul-Maqdis and the other towards the Ka’ba, For, this is the mosque where the event of the change of Qibla occurred and that is why it is called Masjid-e-Qiblatain.

Masjid-e-Bani-Zafar: It is also called Masjid-e-Baghla. It is situated towards the East of Jannat-ul-Baqi’. The tribe of Bani Zafar used to live here. Once the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) honoured this place with his presence and at his desire, one of his Companions recited Sura-e-Nisa to him. Near the Mosque there is a hoof- mark of the mule of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) and that is why it is also called Masjid-ul-Baghla.

Masjid-ul-Ijaba. This mosque is in the northern side of Jannat-ul-Baqi’. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) had prayed here.

Mash’ar-e-Haram: It is a mosque in Muzdalifa but a hill of Muzdalifa, Jabal-e-Quzah by name is also called Mash’ar-e- Haram.

Mas’a: The place for performing Sa’r (running between Safa and Marwah.)

Mauqif: The place for having a stay. It means the place of stay in the open field of ‘Arafat or in Muzdalifa.

Mizab-e-Rahmat: The water-outleft of the roof of Ka’ba falling in Hatim. One should pray to Allah while standing beneath it as the invocations offered here are accorded approval.

Qiran: To Perform Umra and Hajj successively after wearing Ihram collectively for Hajj and Umra both.

Qarin: One who performs Qiran.

Qarn: It is a hill at a distance of about forty two miles from Mecca. It is the Miqat for those coming from Najd-e- Yemen, Najd-e-Hijaz and Najd-e-Tihama.

Qasr: To have your hair cut or to cut them yourself in order to be out of Ihram.

Rukn-e-Iraqi: The north eastern corner of Baitullah towards Iraq.

Rukn-e-Yamani: The south western corner of Baitullah towards Yemen.

Rukn-e-Shami: The northwestern corner of Baitullah towards Syria.

Ramal: To walk a bit fast in the first three rounds of Tawaf with steps close to each other shaking shoulders struttingly.

Rami: To throw pebbles on Jamarat.

Sa’I: To have seven rounds in a defined mode between Safa and Marwa.

Shaut: We complete seven circuits around Baitullah. Every circuit is called Shaut. At the time of Sa’i between Safa and Marwa the round made from Safa to Marwa is also known as shout. Similarly the back round from Marwa to Safa is the 2nd Shaut and so on upto the seventh Shaut.

Safa: A hill near Ka’ba towards the south werefrom the Sa’i takes a start.

Tamattu’: To observe ‘Umra in the months of Hajj in the first instance and then to perform Hajj in the same year with the Ihram of Hajj.

Takbir: To proclaim Allah-o-Akbar.

Talbiyya: To proclaim Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik; etc.

Tahlil: To proclaim La Ilaha Illallah.

Tan’im: It is a place where, at the time of their stay at Mecca, people wear Ihram for Umra. It is at a distance of 3 miles from Mecca and is the nearest place from the precincts of Haram. Here is a Mosque named Masjid-e-Aisha.

Tawaf: Circumambulation of the Ka’ba.

Tawaf-e-Qudom: The first Tawaf, observed by Hajj pilgrims immediately after reaching Mecca, is called Tawaf- e-Qudom or Tawaf-e-Tahiyya. It is Sunnat for a Qarin and a Mufrid Afaqi.

Tawaf-e-Ziyarat: The Tawaf performed after Waqof-e-Arafat. It is also known as Tawaf-e-Rukn for it is Fardh (Divine obligation) in Hajj.

Tawaf-e-Sadr: The Tawaf performed at the time of departure from Mecca is called Tawaf-e-Sadr or Tawaf-e- Wida.

Umrah: To perform Tawaf of Baitullah alongwith Sa’i between Safa and Marwa after wearing Ihram from Hill or Miqat.

Yaum-e-Arafa: The ninth Zilhajja, the day when Hajj is performed and the pilgrims have to stay at ‘Arafat.

Yaum-ut-Tarviya: The eighth Zilhijja.

Yalamlam: It is a hill at a distance of two Manzils (encampment distances) from Mecca towards the south. It is also known as Sa’diya nowadays. The sea traveling pilgrims from our country wear Ihram at this place when they reach the point confronting to it.

Zulhulaifa: It is the name of a place situated at a distance of about six miles on the way from Madina to Mecca. It is the Miqat for those who come from Madina and is known nowadays by the name of Bir-e-‘Ali.

Zat-u-‘Irq: It is the name of place, which is desolate nowadays. It is as a distance of about three days journey towards Iraq from Mecca. It is the Miqat for those coming from Iraq.

Zamzam: In Masjid-e-Haram near Baitullah, it is a well to which Almighty Allah, out of his Devine power, made a spring of water to flow for the sake of His Prophet Hazrat Isma’il and his mother (peace be upon him). It has been running for thousands of years till now.

Book: Hajj: Merits & Precepts
Author: Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani (DB)

Sunnah & Nafl prayers we can pray everyday in Ramadan & throughout our lives

  • The MOST REWARDING Nafl Prayer of all is TahajjudAllah Most High said: “Establish worship at the going down of the sun until the dark of the night, and (the recital of) the Qur’an at dawn. Lo! (the recital of) the Qur’an at dawn is ever witnessed. And some part of the night awake for its recital, as voluntary worship for you. It may be that your Lord will raise you to a praised estate.” (Qur’an, 17: 78-79)Abu Hurayrah (RA), related that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: When the last one-third of the night remains, our Lord, the Glorious One descends towards the heaven of the earth and proclaims: Who is that who supplicates for Me, and I grant his supplication? Who is that who begs Me for anything and I grant it to him? And who is that who seeks My forgiveness, and I forgive him? (Bukhari, Muslim).
  • Pray 12 Raka’ahs of Sunnah daily:2 Sunnah of Fajr, 4 Sunnah & 2 Sunnah of Dhuhr and 2 Sunnah of Maghrib :: Umm Habibah Ramilah bint Abu Sufyan (RA) narrated she heard the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saying: “A house will be built in Paradise for every Muslim who offers twelve units of Prayers other than the obligatory ones in day and night, to seek pleasure of Allah.” (Muslim)

  • Tahiyyatul Wudu – 2 Raka’ahs Sunnah after doing Wudu (Ablution)  :: Abu Hurayrah (RA) reported the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) saying to Bilal (RA): “Tell me about the best of your deeds (i.e. one which you deem the most rewarding) since your embracing Islam because I heard your footsteps in front of me in Paradise.” Bilal (RA) replied: “I do not consider any act of mine more rewarding than that whenever I make ablution at any time of night or day, I perform Prayer for as much as was destined for me to do.” (Al-Bukhari & Muslim)”
  • Tahiyaatul Masjid – 2 Raka’ahs Sunnah after entering Masjid Abu Qatadah (RA) narrated the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) as saying: “If any one of you enters a mosque, he should pray two rak`ahs before sitting.” (Al-Bukhari & Muslim) 
  • 4 Raka’ahs Sunnah of Asr ::  The Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘Alaihi wa sallam) said: “May Allaah have Mercy on the one who offers four (Raka’ahs) before ‘Asr prayer.” (Abu Dawud)
  • 4 Sunnah, 2 Sunnah & 2 Nafil of Dhuhr :: Umm Habibah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Whoever sticks to the habit of offering four rak`ahs before Noon Prayer and four rak`ahs after it, Allah will shield him against the Hell-Fire.” (Abu Dawud & At-Tirmidhi)
  • Salaatul  Ishraaq :: Perform two or four raka’ts Ishraaq Salaat.
    In another narration of Tirmidhi, Rasulullah is reported to havesaid, ‘He who performs Fajr Salat with Jamaat and remains seated in the same place while engaging in Dhikr untilafter sunrise and thereafter performs 2 Rakaats Nafil Salat, (Ishraaq), he will obtain the Thawaab of one Hajj andone Umrah.’ (Tirmidhi)Note: Ishraaq is offered 10-15 min after sunrise.
  • Salaatul Chaasht  ::  Immediately after Ishraaq or after 1/4 days past perform two, four or six raka’ts of Chaasht.
    It is reported that Sayyidna Aaisha (Radhiallaahu Anha) used to perform 8 Rakaats of Salat al-Dhuhaa. She saidthat even if her parents arose from the grave, she would not leave Salat al-Dhuhaa to go and meet them. (Ibid). Rasulullah is reported to have said, ‘Whoever offers 2 Rakaats of Salat al-Dhuhaa, all his sins will be forgiven even though they are as much as the foam of the sea.’ (Ibid)

  • Salaatul Awwaabeen :: This Nafil prayer is read after the Sunnat of Maghrib salaat. It consists of a minimum of 6 Raka-ats and this Nafil prayer procures many benedictions (blessings) and mercy.Hadrat Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that the Rasoolallah said: The person who offers 6 Raka’ah Nafl after theMaghrib Salah, and does not speak evil in between receives rewards equal to 12 years of worship. {Tirmidhi, Mishkat, Tarteeb Shareef pg. 1}
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